By the 3rd millennium BCE, the city-states of the first civilisation of the Indian sub-continent had emerged. These cities had strong trade relations with the cities of other civilisations in West Asia. One of the major export items was carnelian beads found in far-flung foreign lands along with seals and potteries.
Mohenjo Daro, Harappa, Lothal and Kalibangan were thriving centres of trade, commerce, and artistic excellence. The discovery of beads made from turquoise, steatite, and faience as well as semi-precious stones like carnelian, jasper, and agate, and exquisitely crafted gold, silver and terracotta ornaments reveal the antiquity of adornment in India.
Agate, Carnelian, and Shell
Harappan Civilisation; Kushan period; Mauryan period
Circa 3200- 5th century CE