Patola is another popular attire and every bride in Gujarat desires to wear a patola for her wedding.The technique is known as ikat.The term 'ikat' comes from the Malay-Indoneasian expression 'mangikat',meaning to bind, knot or wind around.Patola sari is preferably worn by the mother of the bride in Gujarat at the time of the marriage ceremony.The bride wears white panetar (wedding sari) with a red patola border.In some communities patola cloth is used to tie the kbnot between the bride and bridegroom to ward off evil.The bride wears patola after the completion of the marriage ceremony when her status changes from maiden to married.
The uniqueness of patola weaving is that the yarns are first dyed according to the desired design and then woven. There are two techniques of ikat - in the single ikat either warp or weft threads are tied and dyed whereas,in double ikat both warp and weft are tied and dyed. A patola sari generally takes eight months to weave.
Textiles and Costumes of India