Sadashiva is considered to be the highest form of Shiva as the supreme being from whom all others have originated. Shaivagamas gives a description of Sadashiva murti as having one face, three eyes, and a crescent on his jata mukuta. He should be adorned with all the ornaments including the yajnopavita. Sadashiva is seated on a lotus pedestal with his two upper hands holding trishula and akshmala. His natural right hand is broken and the left hand is in the varada mudra. His tall jata mukuta has a crescent tucked on it and he is also adorned with the ornaments attributed to Shiva. The image represents the most important characteristics of Chola art.
Though Sadashiva images were popular in South India, they are also known to have come from Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.
Gift of Lady Cowasji Jehangir.
Early 11th century CE